

A018226


Magic numbers of nucleons: nuclei with one of these numbers of either protons or neutrons are more stable against nuclear decay.


35




OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

In the shell model for the nucleus, magic numbers are the numbers of either protons or neutrons at which a shell is filled.
First seven positive terms of A162626. [Omar E. Pol, Jul 07 2009]
Steppenbeck: "The results of the experiment indicate that 54Ca's first excited state lies at a relatively high energy, which is characteristic of a large nuclear shell gap, thus indicating that N = 34 in 54Ca is a new magic number, as predicted theoretically by the University of Tokyo group in 2001. By conducting a more detailed comparison to nuclear theory the researchers were able to show that the N = 34 magic number is equally as significant as some other nuclear shell gaps."


REFERENCES

A brief description is given under "Magic numbers" in the Encyclopedia Britannica.
S. Bjornholm, Clusters..., Contemp. Phys. 31 1990 pp. 309324 (p. 312).
Dictionary of Science (Simon and Schuster), see the entry for "Magic number".
J. Fridmann et al., 'Magic' nucleus 42Si, Nature, 435 (2005), 922924 and 897898.
J. Glanz, Uut and Uup Add Their Atomic Mass to Periodic Table, New York Times, Feb 01, 2003, pages 1 and 26.
R. V. F. Janssens, Unexpected doubly magic nucleus, Nature, 459 (Jun 25 2009), 10691070. _Added by N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 05 2009]
Lutvo Kuric, Digital nuclear shell model, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, 13(2) (2014) 160173; ISSN 22993843; http://www.ilcpa.pl/wpcontent/uploads/2013/10/ILCPA1322014160173.pdf
D. Steppenbeck et al. "Evidence for a new nuclear 'magic number' from the level structure of 54Ca" Nature, 2013 DOI: 10.1038/nature1252.
D. Warner, Notsomagic numbers, Nature, 430 (Jul 29 2004), 517519.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..7.
Radoslav Jovanovic, Magic Numbers and the Pascal Triangle
V. Ladma, Magic Numbers
NAPC Isotope Hydrology Section, Chapter 2, Atomic Systematics and Nuclear Structure [Broken link?]
R. Nave, Shell Model of Nucleus
R. Nave, Enhanced Abundance of Magic Number Nuclei
Rachele Nerattini, Johann S. Brauchart, Michael K.H. Kiessling, Magic numbers in Smale's 7th problem, arXiv:1307.2834v1 [mathph], July 10, 2013.
Phys.org, Evidence for a new nuclear 'magic number', Oct 9, 2013.
D. Weise, The Pythagorean Approach to Problems of Periodicity in Chemistry and Nuclear Physics
Wikipedia, Magic number (physics)


FORMULA

If 1 <= n <= 3 then a(n)=n*(n+1)*(n+2)/3, else if 4 <= n <= 7 then a(n)=n(n^2+5)/3. [Omar E. Pol, Jul 07 2009] [This needs to be clarified, Joerg Arndt, May 03 2011]
From Daniel Forgues, May 03 2011: (Start)
If 1 <= n <= 3 then a(n) = 2 T_n, else
if 4 <= n <= 7 then a(n) = 2 (T_n  t_{n1}),
where T_n is the n_th tetrahedral number, t_n the n_th triangular number.
G.f.: (2*x*(1  6*x^3 + 14*x^4  11*x^5 + 3*x^6))/(1  x)^4, 1 <= n <= 7.
Using those formulas for n >= 0 gives A162626. (End)
a(n) = n*(n^2+5)/3 + (4*n6)*A171386(n).  Omar E. Pol, Aug 14 2013


CROSSREFS

Cf. A018227 Number of electrons (which equals number of protons) such that they are arranged into complete shells within the atom.
Cf. A033547, A110856, A130598, A162626, A046939, A046940.
Sequence in context: A192153 A190640 A230434 * A162626 A137306 A110856
Adjacent sequences: A018223 A018224 A018225 * A018227 A018228 A018229


KEYWORD

nonn,fini,full,changed


AUTHOR

John Raithel (raithel(AT)rahul.net)


STATUS

approved



