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A014979 Numbers that are both triangular and pentagonal. 4
0, 1, 210, 40755, 7906276, 1533776805, 297544793910, 57722156241751, 11197800766105800, 2172315626468283465, 421418033734080886426, 81752926228785223683195, 15859646270350599313653420 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

REFERENCES

J.-M. De Koninck, Ces nombres qui nous fascinent, Entry 210, p. 61, Ellipses, Paris 2008.

L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers. Carnegie Institute Public. 256, Washington, DC, Vol. 1, 1919; Vol. 2, 1920; Vol. 3, 1923, see vol. 2, p. 22.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..13.

C. Gill, solution to question no. 8, Mathematical Miscellany, 1 (1836), pp. 220-225, at p. 223.

J. C. Su, On some properties of two simultaneous polygonal sequences, JIS 10 (2007) 07.10.4, example 4.2.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pentagonal Triangular Number.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (195,-195,1).

FORMULA

a(n) = 194 * a(n-1) - a(n-2) + 16.

G.f.: x^2 * (1 + 15*x) / ((1 - x) * (1 - 194*x + x^2)).

a(n)=((((1+sqrt(3))^(4*n-1)-(1-sqrt(3))^(4*n-1))/(2^(2*n+1)*sqrt(3)))^2)/2-1/8. - John Sillcox (johnsillcox(AT)hotmail.com), Sep 01 2003

a(n+1) = 97*a(n)+8+7*(192*a(n)^2+32*a(n)+1)^(1/2) - Richard Choulet, Sep 19 2007

a(n) = A076139(2*n - 3) = A108281(2 - n). for all n in Z. - Michael Somos, Jun 16 2011

EXAMPLE

G.f. = x^2 + 210*x^3 + 40755*x^4 + 7906276*x^5 + 1533776805*x^6 + ...

a(4) = 40755 which is 285*(285-1)/2 = 165*(3*165-1)/2.

MATHEMATICA

a[ n_] := ChebyshevU[ 2 n - 3, 7] / 14 + ChebyshevT[ 2 n - 3, 7] / 84 - 1/12; (* Michael Somos, Feb 24 2015 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = polchebyshev( 2*n - 3, 2, 7) / 14 + polchebyshev( 2*n - 3, 1, 7) / 84 - 1 / 12}; /* Michael Somos, Jun 16 2011 */

CROSSREFS

Cf. A046174, A046175, A076139, A108281.

Sequence in context: A187308 A229754 A089514 * A229671 A134236 A136350

Adjacent sequences:  A014976 A014977 A014978 * A014980 A014981 A014982

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,changed

AUTHOR

Glenn Johnston (glennj(AT)sonic.net)

EXTENSIONS

Corrected and extended by Warut Roonguthai

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 24 2006

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 2 22:29 EDT 2015. Contains 261293 sequences.