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A011655 Period 3: repeat [0, 1, 1]. 84
0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

A binary m-sequence: expansion of reciprocal of x^2+x+1 (mod 2).

A Chebyshev transform of the Jacobsthal numbers A001045: if A(x) is the g.f. of a sequence, map it to ((1-x^2)/(1+x^2))*A(x/(1+x^2)). - Paul Barry, Feb 16 2004

This is the r = 1 member of the r-family of sequences S_r(n) defined in A092184 where more information can be found.

This is the Fibonacci sequence (A000045) modulo 2. - Stephen Jordan (sjordan(AT)mit.edu), Sep 10 2007

For n > 0: a(n) = A084937(n-1) mod 2. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 16 2007

This is also the Lucas numbers (A000032) mod 2. In general, this is the parity of any Lucas sequence associated with any pair (P,Q) when P and Q are odd; i.e., a(n) = U_n(P,Q) mod 2 = V_n(P,Q) mod 2. See Ribenboim. - Rick L. Shepherd, Feb 07 2009

Starting with offset 1: (1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, ...) = INVERTi transform of the tribonacci sequence A001590 starting (1, 2, 3, 6, 11, 20, 37, ...). - Gary W. Adamson, May 04 2009

From Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 30 2009: (Start)

Characteristic function of numbers coprime to 3.

a(n) = 1-A079978(n); a(A001651(n)) = 1; a(A008585(n)) = 0;

A000212(n) = Sum_{k=0..n} a(k)*(n-k). (End)

Sum_{k>0} a(k)/k/2^k = log(7)/3. - Jaume Oliver Lafont, Jun 01 2010

The sequence is the principal Dirichlet character of the reduced residue system mod 3 (The other is A102283). Associated Dirichlet L-functions are L(2,chi) = Sum_{n>=1} a(n)/n^2 = 4*Pi^2/27 = A214549, and L(3,chi) = Sum_{n>=1} a(n)/n^3 = 1.157536... = -(psi''(1/3)+psi''(2/3))/54 where psi'' is the tetragamma function. [Jolley eq 309 and arXiv:1008.2547, L(m = 3, r = 1, s)]. - R. J. Mathar, Jul 15 2010

a(n+1), n >= 0, is the sequence of the row sums of the Riordan triangle A158454. - Wolfdieter Lang, Dec 18 2010

Removing the first two elements and keeping the offset at 0, this is a periodic sequence (1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, ...). Its INVERTi transform is (1, -1, 2, -2, 2, -2, ...) with period (2,-2). - Gary W. Adamson, Jan 21 2011

Column k = 1 of triangle in A198295. - Philippe Deléham, Jan 31 2012

The set of natural numbers, A000027: (1, 2, 3, ...); is the INVERT transform of the signed periodic sequence (1, 1, 0, -1, -1, 0, 1, 1, 0, ...). - Gary W. Adamson, Apr 28 2013

Any integer sequence s(n) = |s(n-1) - s(n-2)| (equivalently, max(s(n-1), s(n-2)) - min(s(n-1), s(n-2))) for n > i + 1 with s(i) = j and s(i+1) = k, where j and k are not both 0, is or eventually becomes a multiple of this sequence, namely, the sequence repeat gcd(j, k), gcd(j, k), 0 (at some offset). In particular, if j and k are coprime, then s(n) is or eventually becomes this sequence (see, e.g., A110044). - Rick L. Shepherd, Jan 21 2014

For n >= 1, a(n) is also the characteristic function for rational g-adic integers (+n/3)_g and also (-n/3)_g for all integers g >= 2 without a factor 3 (A001651). See the definition in the Mahler reference, p. 7 and also p. 10. - Wolfdieter Lang, Jul 11 2014

Characteristic function for A007908(n+1) being divisible by 3. a(n) = bit flipped A007908(n+1) (mod 3) = bit flipped A079978(n). - Wolfdieter Lang, Jun 12 2017

REFERENCES

S. W. Golomb, Shift-Register Sequences, Holden-Day, San Francisco, 1967.

L. B. W. Jolley, Summation of Series, Dover (1961).

H. D. Lueke, Korrelationssignale, Springer 1992, pp. 43-48.

F. J. MacWilliams and N. J. A. Sloane, The Theory of Error-Correcting Codes, Elsevier/North Holland, 1978, p. 408.

K. Mahler, p-adic numbers and their functions, 2nd ed., Cambridge University press, 1981.

P. Ribenboim, The Little Book of Big Primes. Springer-Verlag, NY, 1991, p. 46. [Rick L. Shepherd, Feb 07 2009]

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..104.

Marcia Edson, Scott Lewis and Omer Yayenie, The k-periodic Fibonacci sequence and an extended Binet's formula, INTEGERS 11 (2011) #A32.

Index entries for two-way infinite sequences

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (0,0,1).

Index entries for characteristic functions

Index entries for sequences related to Chebyshev polynomials.

FORMULA

G.f.: (x + x^2) / (1 - x^3) = Sum_{k>0} x^k - x^(3*k).

G.f.: x / (1 - x / (1 + x / (1 + x / (1 - 2*x / (1 + x))))). - Michael Somos, Apr 02 2012

a(n) = a(n + 3) = a(-n), a(3*n) = 0, a(3*n + 1) = a(3*n + 2) = 1 for all n in Z.

a(n) = (1/2)*( (-1)^(floor((2n + 4)/3)) + 1 ). - Mario Catalani (mario.catalani(AT)unito.it), Oct 22 2003

a(n) = Fib(n) mod 2. - Paul Barry, Nov 12 2003

a(n) = 2/3*(1-cos(2*Pi*n/3)). - Ralf Stephan, Jan 06 2004

a(n) = 1-a(n-1)*a(n-2), a(n) = n for n < 2. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Feb 28 2004

a(n) = 2*(1-T(n, -1/2))/3 with Chebyshev's polynomials T(n, x) of the first kind; see A053120. - Wolfdieter Lang, Oct 18 2004

a(n) = n*Sum_{k=0..floor(n/2)} (-1)^k*binomial(n-k, k)*A001045(n-2k)/(n-k). - Paul Barry, Oct 31 2004

a(n) = A002487(n) mod 2. - Paul Barry, Jan 14 2005

a(n) = n^2 mod 3. a(n) = (1/3)*(2-(r^n+r^(2*n))) where r = (-1+sqrt(-3))/2. - Bruce Corrigan (scentman(AT)myfamily.com), Aug 08 2005

From Michael Somos, Sep 23 2005: (Start)

Euler transform of length 3 sequence [ 1, -1, 1].

Moebius transform is length 3 sequence [ 1, 0, -1].

Multiplicative with a(3^e) = 0^e, a(p^e) = 1 otherwise. (End)

a(n) = ((2/3)*(cos(2*n*Pi/3)+1/2)-1)^2. - Paolo P. Lava, Oct 09 2006

a(n) = (1/9)*(5*(n mod 3)+2*((n+1) mod 3)-((n+2) mod 3)) with n >= 0. - Paolo P. Lava, Jan 22 2007

a(n) = (4/3)*(|sin(Pi*(n-2)/3)| + |sin(Pi*(n-1)/3)|)*|sin(Pi*n/3)|. - Hieronymus Fischer, Jun 27 2007

a(n) = ((n+1) mod 3 + 1) mod 2 = (1-(-1)^(n-3*floor((n+1)/3)))/2. - Hieronymus Fischer, Jun 27 2007

a(n) = 2 - a(n-1) - a(n-2) for n > 1. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 13 2008

a(2*n+1) = a(n+1) XOR a(n), a(2*n) = a(n), a(1) = 1, a(0) = 0. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 27 2008

Sum_{n>=1} a(n)/n^s = (1-1/3^s)*Riemann_zeta(s), s > 1. - R. J. Mathar, Jul 31 2010

a(n) = floor((4*n-5)/3) mod 2. - Gary Detlefs, May 15 2011

a(n) = (a(n-1)-a(n-2))^2 with a(0) = 0, a(1) = 1. - Francesco Daddi, Aug 02 2011

Convolution of A040000 with A049347. - R. J. Mathar, Jul 21 2012

G.f.: Sum_{k>0} x^A001651(k). - L. Edson Jeffery, Dec 05 2012

G.f.: x/(G(0)) - x^2) where G(k) = 1 - x/(x + 1/(1 - x/G(k+1))); (recursively defined continued fraction). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, Feb 15 2013

For the general case: The characteristic function of numbers that are not multiples of m is a(n) = floor((n-1)/m)-floor(n/m)+1, with m,n > 0. - Boris Putievskiy, May 08 2013

a(n) = sign(n mod 3). - Wesley Ivan Hurt, Jun 22 2013

a(n) = A000035(A000032(n)) = A000035(A000045(n)). - Omar E. Pol, Oct 28 2013

a(n) = (-n mod 3)^((n-1) mod 3). - Wesley Ivan Hurt, Apr 16 2015

a(n) = (2/3) * (1 - sin((Pi/6) * (4 * n + 3))) for n >= 0. - Werner Schulte, Jul 20 2017

EXAMPLE

G.f. = x + x^2 + x^4 + x^5 + x^7 + x^8 + x^10 + x^11 + x^13 + x^14 + x^16 + x^17 + ...

MAPLE

A011655:=n->(n^2 mod 3): seq(A011655(n), n=0..100); # Wesley Ivan Hurt, Apr 16 2015

MATHEMATICA

A011655[n_] := If[Mod[n, 3] == 0, 0, 1];  Array[A011655, 105, 0] (* Robert G. Wilson v *)

Mod[Fibonacci[Range[0, 99]], 2] (* Alonso del Arte, Jul 20 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n) = sign(n%3)};

(PARI) a(n)=!!(n%3) \\ Jaume Oliver Lafont, Mar 24 2009

(Haskell)

a011655 = fromEnum . ((/= 0) . (`mod` 3))

a011655_list = cycle [0, 1, 1]  -- Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 07 2012

(MAGMA) [(n^2 mod 3) : n in [0..100]]; // Wesley Ivan Hurt, Apr 16 2015

CROSSREFS

Partial sums of A057078 give A011655(n+1).

Cf. A035191 (Mobius transform), A001590, A002487, A049347.

Cf. A000035, A011558, A097325, A109720, A145568, A166486, A168181, A168182, A168184, A168185. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 30 2009

Cf. A000027, A000045, A004523 (partial sums), A057078 (first differences).

Cf. A007908, A079978 (bit flipped).

Sequence in context: A092220 * A102283 A128834 A022928 A000494 A022933

Adjacent sequences:  A011652 A011653 A011654 * A011656 A011657 A011658

KEYWORD

nonn,mult,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

EXTENSIONS

Better name from Omar E. Pol, Oct 28 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 20 23:11 EDT 2017. Contains 293679 sequences.