login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A011251 Numbers n such that phi(n) + sigma(n) = 3n. 6
312, 560, 588, 1400, 85632, 147492, 556160, 569328, 1590816, 2013216, 3343776, 4695456, 9745728, 12558912, 22013952, 23336172, 30002960, 52021242, 75007400, 137617728, 153587720, 699117024, 904683264, 2468053248, 2834395104, 21669802880, 48444151296 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

n is necessarily composite.

From the Math. Rev.: if both q=7*2^{r-2}+2^s-1 and p=49*2^{2r-s-4}+7*2^{r-2}-5*2^{r-s-2}-1 are prime for 1 <= s < r-2, then n=2^r*3*p*q is a solution to the equation phi(n)+sigma(n)=3n . [R. K. Guy]

If 7*2^n-1 is prime then m = 2^(n+2)*3*(7*2^n-1) is in the sequence. Because phi(m) = 2^(n+2)*(7*2^n-2); sigma(m) = 7*2^(n+2)*(2^(n+3)-1) so phi(m)+sigma(m) = 2^(n+2)*((7*2^n-2)+(7*2^(n+3)-7)) = 2^(n+2)*(63*2^n-9) = 3*(2^(n+2)*3*(7*2^n-1)) = 3*m. Hence A112729 = 2^(A001771+2)*3*(7*2^A001771-1) is a subsequence of this sequence. - Farideh Firoozbakht, Dec 01 2005

If both numbers p=7*2^n+2^k-1 & q=49*2^(2n-k)+2^(n-k)*(7*2^k-5)-1 are prime and m=2^(n+2)*3*p*q then phi(m)+sigma(m)=3*m. Namely m is in the sequence. - Farideh Firoozbakht, Jan 11 2007

REFERENCES

Richard K. Guy, Unsolved Problems in Number Theory, 3rd Edition, Springer, 2004. See Section B42, p. 151.

David Wells, Prime Numbers: The Most Mysterious Figures in Math, Hoboken, New Jersey, John Wiley & Sons (2005), 75.

Ming Zhi ZHANG, A note on the equation phi(n)+sigma(n)=3n, Sichuan Daxue Xuebao 37 (2000), no. 1, 39-40; MR1755990 (2001a:11009).

LINKS

Donovan Johnson, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..35 (terms < 5*10^12)

F. Firoozbakht, M. F. Hasler, Variations on Euclid's formula for Perfect Numbers, JIS 13 (2010) #10.3.1.

Richard K. Guy, Divisors and desires, Amer. Math. Monthly, 104 (1997), 359-360.

Kelley Harris, On the classification of integers n that divide phi(n)+sigma(n), J. Num. Theory 129 (2009) 2093-2110.

MATHEMATICA

Reap[ Do[ If[ EulerPhi[n] + DivisorSigma[1, n] == 3 n, Print[n]; Sow[n]], {n, 0, 10^8, 2}]][[2, 1]] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Feb 16 2012 *)

PROG

(PARI) is(n)=eulerphi(n)+sigma(n)==3*n \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 27 2013

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001771, A112729, A011254, A011774, A015704.

Sequence in context: A238099 A259720 A011774 * A043360 A237551 A270608

Adjacent sequences:  A011248 A011249 A011250 * A011252 A011253 A011254

KEYWORD

nonn,nice

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane.

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Jud McCranie

a(26)-a(27) from Donovan Johnson, Feb 28 2012

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified October 19 21:28 EDT 2019. Contains 328244 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)