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A006325 4-dimensional analog of centered polygonal numbers. 33
0, 0, 1, 7, 26, 70, 155, 301, 532, 876, 1365, 2035, 2926, 4082, 5551, 7385, 9640, 12376, 15657, 19551, 24130, 29470, 35651, 42757, 50876, 60100, 70525, 82251, 95382, 110026, 126295, 144305, 164176, 186032, 210001, 236215, 264810, 295926 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

If X is an n-set and Y and Z disjoint 2-subsets of X then a(n-4) is equal to the number of 6-subsets of X intersecting both Y and Z. - Milan Janjic, Aug 26 2007

For n>0, a(n+1) is the n-th antidiagonal sum of A213751. - Clark Kimberling, Jun 20 2012

This sequence is the case m=n-1, k=n+3 of b(m,k) = m*(m+1)*((k-2)*m-(k-5))/6, which is the m-th k-gonal pyramidal number. - Luciano Ancora, Apr 11 2015

Starting (1, 7, 26, ...), this is the binomial transform of (1, 6, 13, 12, 4, 0, 0, 0, ...). - Gary W. Adamson, Jul 31 2015

Also starting (1, 7, 26, ...), this appears to be the number of magic labelings of the cycle-of-loops graph LOOP X C_4 having magic sum n, where LOOP is the 1-vertex, 1-loop-edge graph. - David J. Seal, Sep 13 2017

The conjecture by David J. Seal is true and easily proved using MacMahon's Omega operators via the "Omega" package for Mathematica authored by Axel Riese (obtaining (up to an offset) the generating function listed in the formula section below). See the second Mathematica program in which the edges of LOOP X C_4 are indexed as in the example below. The Omega package can be downloaded from the link provided in the article by G. E. Andrews et al. - L. Edson Jeffery, Oct 15 2017

REFERENCES

T. A. Gulliver, Sequences from Arrays of Integers, Int. Math. Journal, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 323-332, 2002.

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

G. E. Andrews, P. Paule and A. Riese, MacMahon's partition analysis III. The Omega package.

Milan Janjic, Two Enumerative Functions

M. Janjic and B. Petkovic, A Counting Function, arXiv 1301.4550 [math.CO], 2013.

M. Janjic, B. Petkovic, A Counting Function Generalizing Binomial Coefficients and Some Other Classes of Integers, J. Int. Seq. 17 (2014) # 14.3.5

J. K. Merikoski, R. Kumar and  R. A. Rajput, Upper bounds for the largest eigenvalue of a bipartite graph, Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra ISSN 1081-3810, A publication of the International Linear Algebra Society, Volume 26, pp. 168-176, April 2013.

R. P. Stanley, Examples of Magic Labelings, Unpublished Notes, 1973 [Cached copy, with permission]

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (5,-10,10,-5,1)

FORMULA

a(n) = n*(n-1)*(n^2-n+1)/6.

a(n) = ((n^5 - (n-1)^5) - (n^1 - (n-1)^1))/30 = (n^5 - (n-1)^5 - 1)/30. - Xavier Acloque, Jan 25 2003

The partial sums of the octahedral numbers: a(n+1) = Sum_{i=0..n} A005900(i). - Jonathan Vos Post, Mar 14 2006

G.f.: -x^2*(x+1)^2/(x-1)^5. - Maksym Voznyy (voznyy(AT)mail.ru), Aug 10 2009

a(n) = Sum_{i=1..n-1} Sum_{j=1..n-1} min(i,j)^2. - Enrique Pérez Herrero, Jan 15 2013 [Which is just rephrasing the partial sum formula with the Murthy formula in A005900. - R. J. Mathar, Jun 14 2014]

a(n) = 5*a(n-1) - 10*a(n-2) + 10*a(n-3) - 5*a(n-4) + a(n-5), n > 4. - Yosu Yurramendi, Sep 03 2013

From Daniel Poveda Parrilla, Sep 09 2017: (Start)

a(n) = A169938(n-1)/6.

a(n+1) = A288486(n)/24. (End)

EXAMPLE

A representation of the LOOP X C_4 graph, with edges and loops indexed as shown, as used in the second Mathematica program below:

.             3         1

.              O_______O

.              |   2   |

.              |4     0|

.              |_______|

.              O   6   O

.             5         7

MATHEMATICA

Table[n*(n-1)*(n^2-n+1)/6, {n, 0, 60}] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Apr 22 2011 *)

<< Omega.m; n = 4; cond = {}; Do[AppendTo[cond, Sum[a[Mod[2*k - j, 2*n]], {j, 0, 2}] == a[2*n]], {k, 0, n - 1}]; f = OEqSum[Product[x[i]^a[i], {i, 0, 2*n}], cond, u][[1]]; Do[f = OEqR[f, Subscript[u, k]], {k, n}];

(* Generating function: *)

f = Factor[f /. {x[2*n] -> x} /. {x[_] -> 1}]

(* This sequence (with initial zeros dropped): *)

CoefficientList[Series[f, {x, 0, 35}], x] (* L. Edson Jeffery, Oct 15 2017 *)

PROG

(MAGMA) [n*(n-1)*(n^2-n+1)/6: n in [0..40]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, May 22 2011

(PARI) a(n)=n*(n-1)*(n^2-n+1)/6 \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 24 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A005900, A169938, A213751, A288486, A019298, A061907, A244497, A244879, A244873, A244880.

Cf. A000027, A000217, A019298, A244497, A244879, A244873, A244880, A293310, A293309 (magic labelings of LOOP X C_k, for k = 1..3,5..10).

Cf. A293311, A293312.

Sequence in context: A221793 A299282 A269700 * A053346 A227021 A180669

Adjacent sequences:  A006322 A006323 A006324 * A006326 A006327 A006328

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Albert Rich (Albert_Rich(AT)msn.com)

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 23 08:53 EDT 2018. Contains 316523 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)