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A003320 a(n) = max_{k=0..n} k^(n-k).
(Formerly M1198)
8
1, 1, 1, 2, 4, 9, 27, 81, 256, 1024, 4096, 16384, 78125, 390625, 1953125, 10077696, 60466176, 362797056, 2176782336, 13841287201, 96889010407, 678223072849, 4747561509943, 35184372088832, 281474976710656, 2251799813685248 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

For n > 0: a(n+1) = largest term of row n in triangles A051129 and A247358. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Sep 14 2014

REFERENCES

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

I. Tomescu, Introducere in Combinatorica. Editura Tehnica, Bucharest, 1972, p. 231.

LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n=0..100

D. Easdown, Minimal faithful permutation and transformation representations of groups and semigroups, Contemporary Math. (1992), Vol. 131 (Part 3), 75-84.

R. Gray and J. D. Mitchell, Largest subsemigroups of the full transformation monoid, Discrete Math., 308 (2008), 4801-4810.

W. S. Gray and M. Thitsa, System Interconnections and Combinatorial Integer Sequences, in: System Theory (SSST), 2013 45th Southeastern Symposium on, Date of Conference: 11-11 March 2013, Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/SSST.2013.6524939.

R. K. Guy, Letter to N. J. A. Sloane, Mar 1974

I. Tomescu, Excerpts from "Introducese in Combinatorica" (1972), pp. 230-1, 44-5, 128-9. (Annotated scanned copy)

EXAMPLE

a(5) = max(5^0, 4^1, 3^2, 2^3, 1^4, 0^5) = max(1,4,9,8,1,0) = 9.

MATHEMATICA

Join[{1}, Max[#]&/@Table[k^(n-k), {n, 25}, {k, n}]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jun 20 2011 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a003320 n = maximum $ zipWith (^) [0 .. n] [n, n-1 ..]

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Jun 24 2013

(PARI) a(n) = vecmax(vector(n+1, k, (k-1)^(n-k+1))); \\ Michel Marcus, Jun 13 2017

CROSSREFS

Cf. A003992, A031435.

Sequence in context: A112706 A110138 A148085 * A007876 A176068 A296264

Adjacent sequences:  A003317 A003318 A003319 * A003321 A003322 A003323

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,nice

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, R. K. Guy

EXTENSIONS

Easdown reference from Michail Kats (KatsMM(AT)info.sgu.ru)

More terms from James A. Sellers, Aug 21 2000

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 20 13:18 EDT 2019. Contains 321345 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)