This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.



(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A002839 Number of simple perfect squared rectangles of order n up to symmetry.
(Formerly M1658 N0650)
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 6, 22, 67, 213, 744, 2609, 9016, 31426, 110381, 390223, 1383905, 4931308, 17633773, 63301427, 228130926 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)



A squared rectangle (which may be a square) is a rectangle dissected into a finite number, two or more, of squares. If no two of these squares have the same size, the squared rectangle is perfect. A squared rectangle is simple if it does not contain a smaller squared rectangle. The order of a squared rectangle is the number of constituent squares. - Geoffrey H. Morley, Oct 17 2012


See A217156 for further references and links.

C. J. Bouwkamp, personal communication.

C. J. Bouwkamp, A. J. W. Duijvestijn and P. Medema, Catalogue of simple squared rectangles of orders nine through fourteen and their elements, Technische Hogeschool, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, May 1960, 50 pp.

C. J. Bouwkamp, A. J. W. Duijvestijn and J. Haubrich, Catalogue of simple perfect squared rectangles of orders 9 through 18, Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1964 (unpublished) vols 1-12, 3090 pp.

A. J. W. Duijvestijn, Fast calculation of inverse matrices occurring in squared rectangle calculation, Philips Res. Rep. 30 (1975), 329-339.

M. E. Lines, Think of a Number, Institute of Physics, London, 1990, p. 43.

N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

W. T. Tutte, Squaring the Square, in M. Gardner's 'Mathematical Games' column in Scientific American 199, Nov. 1958, pp. 136-142, 166. Reprinted with addendum and bibliography in the US in M. Gardner, The 2nd Scientific American Book of Mathematical Puzzles & Diversions, Simon and Schuster, New York (1961), pp. 186-209, 250 [sequence p. 207], and in the UK in M. Gardner, More Mathematical Puzzles and Diversions, Bell (1963) and Penguin Books (1966), pp. 146-164, 186-7 [sequence p. 162].


Table of n, a(n) for n=1..24.

S. E. Anderson, Perfect Squared Rectangles and Squared Squares

C. J. Bouwkamp, On the dissection of rectangles into squares (Papers I-III), Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Proc., Ser. A, Paper I, 49 (1946), 1176-1188 (=Indagationes Math., v. 8 (1946), 724-736); Paper II, 50 (1947), 58-71 (=Indagationes Math., v. 9 (1947), 43-56); Paper III, 50 (1947), 72-78 (=Indagationes Math., v. 9 (1947), 57-63).

C. J. Bouwkamp, On the construction of simple perfect squared squares, Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Proc., Ser. A, 50 (1947), 1296-1299 (=Indagationes Math., v. 9 (1947), 622-625).

C. J. Bouwkamp and A. J. W. Duijvestijn, Catalogue of Simple Perfect Squared Squares of orders 21 through 25, EUT Report 92-WSK-03, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, November 1992.

C. J. Bouwkamp, A. J. W. Duijvestijn and P. Medema, Tables relating to simple squared rectangles of orders nine through fifteen, Technische Hogeschool, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, August 1960, ii + 360 pp. Reprinted in EUT Report 86-WSK-03, January 1986. [Sequence p. i.]

R. L. Brooks, C. A. B. Smith, A. H. Stone and W. T. Tutte, The dissection of rectangles into squares, Duke Math. J., 7 (1940), 312-340. Reprinted in I. Gessel and G.-C. Rota (editors), Classic papers in combinatorics, Birkhauser Boston, 1987, pp. 88-116. [Pp. 324-5 of the original article have counts up to a(12).]

A. J. W. Duijvestijn, Electronic Computation of Squared Rectangles, Thesis, Technische Hogeschool, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 1962. Reprinted in Philips Res. Rep. 17 (1962), 523-612.

I. Gambini, Quant aux carres carreles, Thesis, Universite de la Mediterranee Aix-Marseille II, 1999, p. 24. [Number of simple rectangles excludes squares in separate column (from order 21).]

D. Moews, Squared rectangles

W. T. Tutte, A Census of Planar Maps, Canad. J. Math. 15 (1963), 249-271.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Perfect Square Dissection

Index entries for squared rectangles

Index entries for squared squares


In 'A Census of Planar Maps', William Tutte gave an asymptotic formula for the number of perfect squared rectangles where n is the number of elements in the dissection (the order);

a(n) = ((n^(-5/2))*(4^n))/(2^5*sqrt(Pi)).

a(n) = A006983(n) + A219766(n). - Stuart E Anderson, Dec 07 2012


Cf. A006983, A002962, A002881, A181735.

Cf. A217153, A217154, A217156, A219766.

Sequence in context: A126171 A228396 A219766 * A109194 A014334 A107239

Adjacent sequences:  A002836 A002837 A002838 * A002840 A002841 A002842




N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 30 1991


Definition corrected to include 'simple'. 'Simple' and 'perfect' defined in comments. - Geoffrey H. Morley, Mar 11 2010

Corrected a(18) and extended terms to order 21.  All 3-connected planar graphs up to 22 edges used to generate dissections. Imperfect squared rectangles, compound squared rectangles, and all squared squares filtered out leaving simple perfect squared rectangles. - Stuart E Anderson, Mar 2011

Corrected a(18) to a(21) after removing last remaining compounds. - Stuart E Anderson, Apr 10 2011

Added a(22), a(23) and a(24) from Ian Gambini's thesis and corrected a(22). Added I. Gambini's thesis reference. - Stuart E Anderson, May 08 2011

Added some additional references, previous correction to a(22) is an increase of 4 based on a new count of order 22. - Stuart E Anderson, Jul 13 2012

Terms a(21)-a(24) corrected to include squares by Geoffrey H. Morley, Oct 17 2012

a(22)=17633773 from Stuart E Anderson confirmed by Geoffrey H. Morley, Nov 28 2012

a(23), a(24) from Gambini confirmed by Stuart E Anderson, Dec 07 2012



Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent | More pages
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy .

Last modified April 29 19:06 EDT 2017. Contains 285613 sequences.