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A002390 Decimal expansion of natural logarithm of golden ratio.
(Formerly M3318 N1334)

%I M3318 N1334

%S 4,8,1,2,1,1,8,2,5,0,5,9,6,0,3,4,4,7,4,9,7,7,5,8,9,1,3,4,2,4,3,6,8,4,

%T 2,3,1,3,5,1,8,4,3,3,4,3,8,5,6,6,0,5,1,9,6,6,1,0,1,8,1,6,8,8,4,0,1,6,

%U 3,8,6,7,6,0,8,2,2,1,7,7,4,4,1,2,0,0,9,4,2,9,1,2,2,7,2,3,4,7,4

%N Decimal expansion of natural logarithm of golden ratio.

%C The Baxa article proves that every gamma >= this constant is the Lévy constant of a transcendental number. - _Michel Marcus_, Apr 09 2016

%D Mohammad K. Azarian, Problem 123, Missouri Journal of Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 3, Fall 1998, p. 176. Solution published in Vol. 12, No. 1, Winter 2000, pp. 61-62.

%D George Boros and Victor H. Moll, Irresistible integrals, Cambridge University Press (2006), p. 236.

%D W. E. Mansell, Tables of Natural and Common Logarithms. Royal Society Mathematical Tables, Vol. 8, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1964, p. XVIII.

%D N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).

%D N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

%H G. C. Greubel, <a href="/A002390/b002390.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..5000</a>

%H Alexander Adamchuk's comment, Sep 01 2006 <a href="http://ru-math.livejournal.com/399814.html">Mathematics in Russian</a>

%H Christoph Baxa, <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9939-09-09787-1">Lévy constants of transcendental numbers</a>, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 137 (2009), 2243-2249.

%H Christopher Brown, <a href="https://www.fq.math.ca/Papers1/55-5/Brown.pdf">The natural logarithm of the golden section</a>, Fibonacci Quarterly 55:5 (2017), pp. 42-44.

%H Simon Plouffe, Plouffe's Inverter, <a href="http://www.plouffe.fr/simon/constants/logphi.txt">ln(phi) to 10000 digits</a>

%H Simon Plouffe, <a href="http://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/sci/math/MiscellaneousMathematicalConstants/chap65.html">ln(0.5+0.5*SQRT(5)) to 2000 digits</a>

%H Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, <a href="http://mathworld.wolfram.com/FibonacciHyperbolicFunctions.html">Fibonacci Hyperbolic Functions</a>

%F Also equals arcsinh(1/2).

%F Equals sqrt(5)/2 * Sum_{n>=1} (-1)^(n-1)/(n*C(2*n,n)). - _Seiichi Kirikami_, Aug 20 2011

%F Equals sqrt(5)/4*(5*(Sum_{n>=1} (-1)^(n-1)/C(2*n,n))-1). - _Jean-François Alcover_, Apr 29 2013

%F Also equals (125*C - 55) / (24*sqrt(5)), where C = Sum_{k>=1} (-1)^(k+1)*1/Cat(k), where Cat(k) = (2k)!/k!/(k+1)! = A000108(k) - k-th Catalan number. See Sep 01 2006 comment at ref. Mathematics in Russian. - _Alexander Adamchuk_, Dec 27 2013

%F Equals sqrt(5)/4 * Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n/((2n+1)*C(2*n,n)). - _Alexander Adamchuk_, Dec 27 2013

%F Equals sqrt((Pi^2/6 - W)/3), where W = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n/((2n+1)^2*C(2*n,n)), attributed by Alexander Adamchuk to Ramanujan. See Sep 01 2006 comment at ref. Mathematics in Russian. - _Alexander Adamchuk_, Dec 27 2013

%F Equals lim_{j->infinity} Sum_{k=F(j)..F(j+1)-1} (1/k), where F = A000045, the Fibonacci sequence. Convergence is slow. For example: Sum_{k=21..33} (1/k) = 0.4910585.... - _Richard R. Forberg_, Aug 15 2014

%e 0.481211825059603447497758913424368423135184334385660519661...

%p arcsinh(1/2);

%t RealDigits[N[Log[GoldenRatio],200]][[1]] (* _Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky_, Feb 20 2011 *)

%o (PARI) asinh(1/2) \\ _Charles R Greathouse IV_, Jan 04 2016

%Y Cf. A000108, A001622, A013661, A086463, A086466, A263401.

%K nonn,cons

%O 0,1

%A _N. J. A. Sloane_

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Last modified October 22 14:51 EDT 2018. Contains 316489 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)