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A002194 Decimal expansion of sqrt(3).
(Formerly M4326 N1812)
71
1, 7, 3, 2, 0, 5, 0, 8, 0, 7, 5, 6, 8, 8, 7, 7, 2, 9, 3, 5, 2, 7, 4, 4, 6, 3, 4, 1, 5, 0, 5, 8, 7, 2, 3, 6, 6, 9, 4, 2, 8, 0, 5, 2, 5, 3, 8, 1, 0, 3, 8, 0, 6, 2, 8, 0, 5, 5, 8, 0, 6, 9, 7, 9, 4, 5, 1, 9, 3, 3, 0, 1, 6, 9, 0, 8, 8, 0, 0, 0, 3, 7, 0, 8, 1, 1, 4, 6, 1, 8, 6, 7, 5, 7, 2, 4, 8, 5, 7, 5, 6, 7, 5, 6, 2, 6, 1, 4, 1, 4, 1, 5, 4 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

"The square root of 3, the 2nd number, after root 2, to be proved irrational, by Theodorus."

Length of a diagonal between any vertex of the unit cube and the one corresponding (opposite) vertex not part of the three faces meeting at the original vertex. (Diagonal is hypotenuse of a triangle with sides 1 and sqrt(2)). Hence the diameter of the sphere circumscribed around the unit cube; the ratio of the diameter of any sphere to the edge length of its inscribed cube. - Rick L. Shepherd, Jun 09 2005

The square root of 3 is the length of the minimal Y-shaped (symmetrical) network linking three points unit distance apart. - Lekraj Beedassy, Apr 12 2006

Continued fraction expansion is 1 followed by {1, 2} repeated. - Harry J. Smith, Jun 01 2009

Also, tan(pi/3) = 2 sin(pi/3). - M. F. Hasler, Oct 27 2011

Surface of regular tetrahedron with unit edge. - Stanislav Sykora, May 31 2012

This is the case n=6 of Gamma(1/n)*Gamma((n-1)/n)/(Gamma(2/n)*Gamma((n-2)/n)) = 2*cos(Pi/n), therefore sqrt(3) = A175379*A203145/(A073005*A073006). - Bruno Berselli, Dec 13 2012

Ratio of base length to leg length in the isosceles "vampire" triangle, that is, the only isosceles triangle without reflection triangle. The product of cosines of the internal angles of a triangle with sides 1, 1 and sqrt(3) and all similar triangles is -3/8. Hence its reflection triangle is degenerate. See the link below. - Martin Janecke, May 09 2013

Half of the surface of regular octahedron with unit edge (A010469), and one fifth that of a regular icosahedron with unit edge (i.e., 2*A010527). - Stanislav Sykora, Nov 30 2013

REFERENCES

N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

Uhler, Horace S.; Approximations exceeding 1300 decimals for sqrt 3, 1/sqrt 3, sin(pi/3) and distribution of digits in them. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 37, (1951). 443-447.

David Wells, "The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers," Revised Edition, Penguin Books, London, England, 1997, page 23.

LINKS

Harry J. Smith, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..20000

M. F. Jones, 22900D approximations to the square roots of the primes less than 100, Math. Comp., 22 (1968), 234-235.

Jason Kimberley, Index of expansions of sqrt(d) in base b

R. J. Nemiroff and J. Bonnell, The first 1 million digits of the square root of 3

_Simon Plouffe_, Plouffe's Inverter, The square root of 3 to 10 million digits

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Reflection Triangle

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Square Root

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Theodorus's Constant

Wikipedia, Platonic solid

EXAMPLE

1.73205080756887729352744634150587236694280525381038062805580697945193...

MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[ N[ Sqrt[3], 100]] [[1]]

PROG

(PARI) { default(realprecision, 20080); x=(sqrt(3)); for (n=1, 20000, d=floor(x); x=(x-d)*10; write("b002194.txt", n, " ", d)); } [From Harry J. Smith, Jun 01 2009]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A040001 (continued fraction).

Cf. A010469 (double), A010527 (half), A131595 (surface of regular dodecahedron). - Stanislav Sykora, Nov 30 2013

Sequence in context: A133722 A204155 A160390 * A033327 A024584 A132713

Adjacent sequences:  A002191 A002192 A002193 * A002195 A002196 A002197

KEYWORD

cons,nonn,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane.

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Robert G. Wilson v, Dec 07 2000

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 19 01:55 EST 2014. Contains 252175 sequences.