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A001981 Restricted partitions.
(Formerly M3832 N1572)
5
1, 1, 5, 13, 33, 73, 151, 289, 526, 910, 1514, 2430, 3788, 5744, 8512, 12346, 17575, 24591, 33885, 46029, 61731, 81805, 107233, 139143, 178870, 227930, 288100, 361384, 450096, 556834, 684572, 836618, 1016737, 1229093, 1478379, 1769773 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Number of partitions of 4n into up to 8 parts each no more than n; or partitions of 4n into up to n parts each no more than 8; or partitions of 5n into exactly n single digit parts; or partitions of 4(n+2) into exactly 8 parts each no more than n+1; or partitions of 4(n+9) into exactly 8 distinct parts each no more than n+8; etc. Points lie on 252 different septics with the pattern repeating every 420 points, amounting to 4 sets of parallel septics depending on whether n mod 6 is in {0}, {1,5}, {2,4} or {3}.

Also, the dimension of the vector space of homogeneous covariants of degree n for the binary form of degree 8. - Leonid Bedratyuk, Dec 06 2006

REFERENCES

A. Cayley, Numerical tables supplementary to second memoir on quantics, Collected Mathematical Papers. Vols. 1-13, Cambridge Univ. Press, London, 1889-1897, Vol. 2, pp. 276-281.

Hilbert, D., Theory of algebraic invariants. Lectures. Cambridge University Press, (1993).

N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

Springer, T.A., Invariant theory, Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 585, Springer-Verlag, (1977).

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Henry Bottomley, Partition and composition calculator.

A. Cayley, Numerical tables supplementary to second memoir on quantics, Collected Mathematical Papers. Vols. 1-13, Cambridge Univ. Press, London, 1889-1897, Vol. 2, pp. 276-281. [Annotated scanned copy]

FORMULA

a(n) =A067059(n, 8) =A067059(8, n) =(1/152409600) * (1812n^7 + 57078n^6 + 748314n^5 + 5278770n^4 + 21727272n^3 + 52982181n^2 + 77609245n + 66220839 + (297675n^2+2679075n+27088425)*(1, -1)pcr(n, 2) + (1254400*n+5644800)*(2, -1, -1)pcr(n, 3) + 9408000*(0, -1, 1)pcr(n, 3) + 4762800*(1, 1, -1, -1)pcr(n, 4) + 24385536*(1, -1, 0, 0, 0)pcr(n, 5) + 6220800(3, -1, 2, -2, 1, -3, 0)pcr(n, 7)) where for example (0, -1, 1)pcr(n, 3) means the value 0 if n mod 3 = 0, the value -1 if n mod 3 = 1 and the value 1 if n mod 3 = 2. - Henry Bottomley, Jul 19 2003

EXAMPLE

a(3)=13 since partitions of 12 into up to 8 parts each no more than 3 are 3+3+3+3 = 3+3+3+2+1 = 3+3+3+1+1+1 = 3+3+2+2+2 = 3+3+2+2+1+1 = 3+3+2+1+1+1+1 = 3+3+1+1+1+1+1+1 = 3+2+2+2+2+1 = 3+2+2+2+1+1+1 = 3+2+2+1+1+1+1+1 = 2+2+2+2+2+2 = 2+2+2+2+2+1+1 = 2+2+2+2+1+1+1+1; or equivalently partitions of 15 into exactly 3 single digit numbers are 9+5+1 = 9+4+2 = 9+3+3 = 8+6+1 = 8+5+2 = 8+4+3 = 7+7+1 = 7+6+2 = 7+5+3 = 7+4+4 = 6+6+3 = 6+5+4 =5+5+5.

MAPLE

a:= n-> subs({x=1}, convert(series((product('1-x^i', 'i'=9..8+n)/ product('1-x^k', 'k'=2..n)), x, 4*n+1), polynom)): seq (a(n), n=0..40); - Leonid Bedratyuk, Dec 06 2006

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := Length[IntegerPartitions[4*n, 8, Range[n]]]; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 40}] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Mar 17 2014 *)

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A146924 A272161 A272828 * A141025 A100227 A185454

Adjacent sequences:  A001978 A001979 A001980 * A001982 A001983 A001984

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane.

EXTENSIONS

Edited by Henry Bottomley, Jul 19 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 23 08:55 EDT 2017. Contains 286909 sequences.