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A001451 a(n) = (5*n)!/((3*n)!*n!*n!). 4
1, 20, 1260, 100100, 8817900, 823727520, 79919739900, 7962100660800, 808906548235500, 83426304143982800, 8707404737345073760, 917663774856743842200, 97491279924241456098300, 10427604345391237790688000, 1121786259855036145008408000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

From Peter Bala, Jul 15 2016: (Start)

This sequence occurs as the right-hand side of the binomial sum identity Sum_{k = 0..n} (-1)^(k)*binomial(n,k)*binomial(2*n + k,n)*binomial(3*n - k,n) = (-1)^m*a(m) for n = 2*m. The sum vanishes for n odd. Cf. A273628 and A273629.

Note the similar results:

Sum_{k = 0..n} (-1)^k*binomial(n,k)* binomial(2*n + k,n)*binomial(3*n + k,n) = (-1)^n*(3*n)!/n!^3 = (-1)^n*A006480(n);

Sum_{k = 0..n} (-1)^k*binomial(n,k)*binomial(2*n - k,n)*binomial(3*n - k,n) = binomial(2*n,n)^2 = A002894(n);

Sum_{k = 0..2*n} (-1)^k*binomial(2*n,k)*binomial(2*n + k,n)*binomial(3*n + k,n) = Sum_{k = 0..2*n} (-1)^k*binomial(2*n,k)*binomial(2*n - k,n)*binomial(3*n - k,n) = binomial(2*n,n) = A000984(n);

Sum_{k = 0..2*n} (-1)^k*binomial(2*n,k)*binomial(2*n + k,n)*binomial(3*n - k,n) = Sum_{k = 0..2*n} (-1)^k*binomial(2*n,k)*binomial(2*n - k,n)*binomial(3*n + k,n) = (-1)^n*binomial(2*n,n) = (-1)^n*A000984(n). (End)

Choose three noncollinear step vectors to satisfy the zero sum, 3*v_1 + v_2 + v_3 = 0. Then a(n) is the number of loop plane walks of length 5*n which depart from and return to the origin. Equivalently, a(n) counts distinct permutations of a (5*n)-digit integer with digits 1,2,3 of multiplicity 3*n,n,n respectively. - Bradley Klee, Aug 12 2018

LINKS

Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..200

FORMULA

a(n) = binomial(4*n,n)*binomial(5*n,n) = ( [x^n](1 + x)^(4*n) ) * ( [x^n](1 + x)^(5*n) ) = [x^n](F(x)^(20*n)), where F(x) = 1 + x + 12*x^2 + 390*x^3 + 16984*x^4 + 867042*x^5 + 48848541*x^6 + ... appears to have integer coefficients. For similar results see A000897, A002894, A002897, A006480, A008977, A186420 and A188662. - Peter Bala, Jul 14 2016

a(n) ~ 3^(-3*n-1/2)*5^(5*n+1/2)/(2*Pi*n). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Jul 13 2016

G.f.: G(x) = 4F3(1/5,2/5,3/5,4/5;1/3,2/3,1;(5^5/3^3)*x). Let G^(n)(x) = d^n/dx^n G(x), and c = {120, 15000*x-6, 45000*x^2-114*x, 25000*x^3-135*x^2, 3125*x^4-27*x^3}, then Sum_{n=0..4} c_n*G^(n)(x) = 0. - Bradley Klee, Aug 12 2018

EXAMPLE

G.f. = 1 + 20*x + 1260*x^2 + 100100*x^3 + 8817900*x^4 + 823727520*x^5 + ... - Michael Somos, Aug 12 2018

MAPLE

f := n->(5*n)!/((3*n)!*n!*n!);

MATHEMATICA

Table[(5*n)!/((3*n)!*n!*n!), {n, 0, 20}] (* Vincenzo Librandi, Sep 04 2012 *)

PROG

(MAGMA) [Factorial(5*n)/(Factorial(3*n)*Factorial(n)*Factorial(n)): n in [0..30]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, May 22 2011

(GAP) List([0..15], n->Factorial(5*n)/(Factorial(3*n)*Fact0rial(n)*Factorial(n))); # Muniru A Asiru, Aug 12 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000897, A002894, A002897, A006480, A008977, A186420, A188662, A273628, A273629.

Sequence in context: A158912 A036067 A294191 * A093598 A174581 A153469

Adjacent sequences:  A001448 A001449 A001450 * A001452 A001453 A001454

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,walk

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 19 08:15 EDT 2018. Contains 316337 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)