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 A001164 Stirling's formula: denominators of asymptotic series for Gamma function. (Formerly M4878 N2091) 25
 1, 12, 288, 51840, 2488320, 209018880, 75246796800, 902961561600, 86684309913600, 514904800886784000, 86504006548979712000, 13494625021640835072000, 9716130015581401251840000, 116593560186976815022080000, 2798245444487443560529920000, 299692087104605205332754432000000, 57540880724084199423888850944000000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 REFERENCES L. Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Reidel, 1974, p. 267, #23. N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence). N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence). LINKS Seiichi Manyama, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..295 (terms 0..100 from T. D. Noe) M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards Applied Math.Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972, p. 257, Eq. 6.1.37. S. Brassesco, M. A. Méndez, The asymptotic expansion for the factorial and Lagrange inversion formula, arXiv:1002.3894 [math.CA], 2010. V. De Angelis, Stirling's series revisited, Amer. Math. Monthly, 116 (2009), 839-843. Peter Luschny, Approximations to the factorial function. G. Marsaglia and J. C. W. Marsaglia, A new derivation of Stirling's approximation to n!, Amer. Math. Monthly, 97 (1990), 827-829. MR1080390 (92b:41049) T. Müller, Finite group actions and asymptotic expansion of e^P(z), Combinatorica, 17 (4) (1997), 523-554. Richard M. Slevinsky, On the use of Hahn's asymptotic formula and stabilized recurrence for a fast, simple, and stable Chebyshev-Jacobi transform, arXiv preprint arXiv:1602.02618 [math.NA], 2016. N. M. Temme, The asymptotic expansion of the incomplete gamma function, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 10 (1979), 757-766. [From N. J. A. Sloane, Feb 20 2012] Nico Temme, Uniform Asymptotics for the incomplete gamma functions starting from negative values of the parameters, arXiv:math/9603218 [math.CA], 1996. W. Wang, Unified approaches to the approximations of the gamma function, J. Number Theory (2016). Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Stirlings Series J. W. Wrench, Jr., Concerning two series for the gamma function, Math. Comp., 22 (1968), 617-626. FORMULA The coefficients c_k have g.f. 1 + Sum_{k >= 1} c_k/z^k = exp( Sum_{k >= 1} B_{2k}/(2k(2k-1)z^(2k-1)) ). Numerators/denominators: A001163(n)/A001164(n) = (6*n+1)!!/(4^n*(2*n)!) * Sum_{i=0..2*n} Sum_{j=0..i} Sum_{k=0..j} (-1)^k*2^i*k^(2*n+i+j)*C(2*n,i)* C(i,j)*C(j,k)/((2*n+2*i+1)*(2*n+i+j)!), assuming 0^0 = 1 (when n = 0), n!! = A006882(n), C(n,k) = A007318(n,k) are binomial coefficients. - Vladimir Reshetnikov, Nov 04 2015 a(n) = denominator(h(2*n)*doublefactorial(2*n-1)) where h(n) = (h(k-1)/k-Sum_{j=1..k-1}((h(k-j)*h(j))/(j+1)))/(1+1/(k+1))) and h(0)=1. - Peter Luschny, Nov 05 2015 Let B_n be the Bernoulli number, and define the sequence {c_n} by the recurrence c_0 = 1, c_n = (1/n) * Sum_{k=0..n-1} B_{n-k+1}*c_k/(n-k+1) for n > 0. Then a(n) is the denominator of c_n. - Seiichi Manyama, Sep 01 2018 EXAMPLE Gamma(z) ~ sqrt(2 Pi) z^(z-1/2) e^(-z) (1 + 1/(12 z) + 1/(288 z^2) - 139/(51840 z^3) - 571/(2488320 z^4) + ... ), z -> infinity in |arg z| < Pi. MAPLE h := proc(k) option remember; local j; `if`(k=0, 1, (h(k-1)/k-add((h(k-j)*h(j))/(j+1), j=1..k-1))/(1+1/(k+1))) end: coeffStirling := n -> h(2*n)*doublefactorial(2*n-1): seq(denom(coeffStirling(n)), n=0..16); # Peter Luschny, Nov 05 2015 MATHEMATICA Denominator[ Reverse[ Drop[ CoefficientList[ Simplify[ PowerExpand[ Normal[ Series[n!, {n, Infinity, 17}]]Exp[n]/(Sqrt[2Pi n]*n^(n - 17))]], n], 1]]] h[k_] := h[k] = If[k==0, 1, (h[k-1]/k-Sum[h[k-j]*h[j]/(j+1), {j, 1, k-1}]) / (1+1/(k+1))]; StirlingAsympt[n_] := h[2n]*2^n*Pochhammer[1/2, n]; a[n_] := StirlingAsympt[n] // Denominator; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 30}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Oct 12 2015, after Peter Luschny *) PROG (PARI) a(n)=local(A, m); if(n<1, n==0, A=vector(m=2*n+1, k, 1); for(k=2, m, A[k]=(A[k-1]-sum(i=2, k-1, i*A[i]*A[k+1-i]))/(k+1)); denominator(A[m]*m!/2^n/n!)) /* Michael Somos, Jun 09 2004 */ CROSSREFS Product_{z=1..n} z^(z^m): A001163/A001164 (m=0), A143475/A143476 (m=1), A317747/A317796(m=2). Sequence in context: A159827 A192191 A145448 * A226100 A041267 A041264 Adjacent sequences:  A001161 A001162 A001163 * A001165 A001166 A001167 KEYWORD nonn,frac,nice AUTHOR EXTENSIONS More terms from Vladeta Jovovic, Nov 14 2001 STATUS approved

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Last modified September 23 10:28 EDT 2018. Contains 315274 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)