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A001148 Final digit of 3^n. 7
1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Let G = {1,3,7,9}, and let the binary operator o be defined as: X o Y = least significant digit of the product XY, where X,Y belong to G. Then (G,o) is an Abelian group and 3 is a generator of this group. - K.V.Iyer, Apr 19 2009

3^n mod 10 and 3^n mod 20. - Zerinvary Lajos, Nov 25 2009

Continued fraction expansion of (243+17*sqrt(285))/4020 = 0.13183906... (see A178148). - Klaus Brockhaus, Apr 17 2011

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..80.

Index entries for sequences related to carryless arithmetic

Index entries for sequences related to final digits of numbers

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (1, -1, 1).

FORMULA

Periodic with period 4.

From R. J. Mathar, Apr 13 2010: (Start)

a(n) = a(n-1) - a(n-2) + a(n-3).

G.f.: (1+2*x+7*x^2)/ ((1-x) * (1+x^2)). (End)

a(n) = (1/3)*(7*(n mod 4) + 4*((n+1) mod 4) - 2*((n+2) mod 4) + ((n+3) mod 4)), with n>=0. - Paolo P. Lava, May 12 2010

a(n) = 5 - (2+i)*(-i)^n - (2-i)*i^n, where i is the imaginary unit. Also a(n) = A001903(A159966(n)). - Bruno Berselli, Feb 08 2011

a(0)=1, a(1)=3, a(n) = 10 - a(n-2). - Vincenzo Librandi, Feb 08 2011

MATHEMATICA

Table[PowerMod[3, n, 10], {n, 0, 200}] (* Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Jun 10 2011 *)

PROG

(Sage) [power_mod(3, n, 10) for n in xrange(0, 81)] # Zerinvary Lajos, Nov 24 2009

(MAGMA) [3^n mod 10: n in [0..150]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Apr 12 2011

(PARI) a(n)=[1, 3, 9, 7][n%4+1] \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Dec 27 2012

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A179483 A271879 A016676 * A262023 A275149 A011318

Adjacent sequences:  A001145 A001146 A001147 * A001149 A001150 A001151

KEYWORD

nonn,cofr,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 20 05:42 EDT 2017. Contains 293601 sequences.