

A000105


Number of free polyominoes (or square animals) with n cells.
(Formerly M1425 N0561)


82



1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 12, 35, 108, 369, 1285, 4655, 17073, 63600, 238591, 901971, 3426576, 13079255, 50107909, 192622052, 742624232, 2870671950, 11123060678, 43191857688, 168047007728, 654999700403, 2557227044764, 9999088822075, 39153010938487, 153511100594603
(list;
graph;
refs;
listen;
history;
text;
internal format)



OFFSET

0,4


COMMENTS

a(n) + A030228(n) = A000988(n) because the number of free polyominoes plus the number of polyominoes lacking bilateral symmetry equals the number of onesided polyominoes.  Graeme McRae, Jan 05 2006
The possible symmetry groups of a (nonempty) polyomino are the 10 subgroups of the dihedral group D_8 of order 8: D_8, 1, Z_2 (five times), Z_4, (Z_2)^2 (twice).  Benoit Jubin, Dec 30 2008
Names for first few polyominoes: monomino, domino, tromino, tetromino, pentomino, hexomino, heptomino, octomino, enneomino, decomino, hendecomino, dodecomino, ...
lim_{n>oo} a(n)^(1/n) = mu with 3.98 < mu < 4.64 (quoted by Castiglione et al., with a reference to Barequet et al., 2006, for the lower bound). Upper bound is due to Klarner and Rivest, 1973. By Madras, 1999, it is now known that this limit, also known as Klarner's constant, is equal to the limit growth rate lim_{n>oo} a(n+1)/a(n).


REFERENCES

S. W. Golomb, Polyominoes, Appendix D, p. 152; Princeton Univ. Pr. NJ 1994
J. E. Goodman and J. O'Rourke, editors, Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, CRC Press, 1997, p. 229.
D. A. Klarner, The Mathematical Gardner, p. 252 Wadsworth Int. CA 1981
W. F. Lunnon, Counting polyominoes, pp. 347372 of A. O. L. Atkin and B. J. Birch, editors, Computers in Number Theory. Academic Press, NY, 1971.
W. F. Lunnon, Counting hexagonal and triangular polyominoes, pp. 87100 of R. C. Read, editor, Graph Theory and Computing. Academic Press, NY, 1972.
Ed Pegg, Jr., Polyform puzzles, in Tribute to a Mathemagician, Peters, 2005, pp. 119125.
R. C. Read, Some applications of computers in graph theory, in L. W. Beineke and R. J. Wilson, editors, Selected Topics in Graph Theory, Academic Press, NY, 1978, pp. 417444.
N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).


LINKS

Toshihiro Shirakawa, Table of n, a(n) for n=0 ..45
Z. Abel, E. Demaine, M. Demaine, H. Matsui and G. Rote, Common Developments of Several Different Orthogonal Boxes.
Barequet, Gill; Moffie, Micha; Ribo, Ares; and Rote, Guenter, Counting polyominoes on twisted cylinders, Integers 6 (2006), A22, 37 pp. (electronic).
K. S. Brown, Polyomino Enumerations
G. Castiglione, A. Frosini, E. Munarini, A. Restivo and S. Rinaldi, Combinatorial aspects of Lconvex polyominoes, European J. Combin. 28 (2007), no. 6, 17241741.
A. Clarke, Polyominoes
A. R. Conway and A. J. Guttmann, On twodimensional percolation, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 28(1995) 891904.
I. Jensen, Enumerations of lattice animals and trees, arXiv:condmat/0007239.
I. Jensen and A. J. Guttmann, Statistics of lattice animals (polyominoes) and polygons, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, vol. 33, pp. L257L263, 2000.
M. Keller, Counting polyforms.
D. A. Klarner and R. L. Rivest, A procedure for improving the upper bound for the number of nominoes, Canadian J. of Mathematics, 25 (1973), 585602.
N. Madras, A pattern theorem for lattice clusters, Annals of Combinatorics, 3 (1999), 357384.
S. Mertens, Lattice animals: a fast enumeration algorithm and new perimeter polynomials, J. Statistical Physics, vol. 58, no. 5/6, pp. 10951108, Mar. 1990.
Stephan Mertens and Markus E. Lautenbacher. Counting lattice animals: A parallel attack J. Stat. Phys., vol. 66, no. 1/2, pp. 669678, 1992.
Joseph Myers, Polyomino tiling
Tomas Oliveira e Silva, Animal enumerations on regular tilings in Spherical, Euclidean and Hyperbolic 2dimensional spaces
Tomas Oliveira e Silva, Animal enumerations on the {4,4} Euclidean tiling [The enumeration to order 28]
Ed Pegg, Jr., Illustrations of polyforms
Jaime RangelMondragón, Polyominoes and Related Families.
D. H. Redelmeier, Counting polyominoes: yet another attack, Discrete Math., 36 (1981), 191203.
D. H. Redelmeier, Table 3 of Counting polyominoes...
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Polyomino
Wikipedia, The 369 octominoes
L. Zucca, Pentominoes
L. Zucca, The 12 pentominoes


FORMULA

a(n) = A000104(n)+A001419(n).  R. J. Mathar, Jun 15 2014


CROSSREFS

Sequences classifying polyominoes by symmetry group: A006746, A006747, A006748, A006749, A056877, A056878, A142886, A144553, A144554.
Cf. A001168, A033492, A000104, A054359, A054360, A001419, A000988, A030228 (chiral polyominoes).
See A006765 for another version.
Sequence in context: A148287 A036357 A000104 * A055192 A108555 A225798
Adjacent sequences: A000102 A000103 A000104 * A000106 A000107 A000108


KEYWORD

nonn,hard,nice,core


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane.


EXTENSIONS

Extended to n=28 by Tomas Oliveira e Silva.
Link updated by William Rex Marshall, Dec 16 2009
Edited by Gill Barequet, May 24 2011


STATUS

approved



